Publication / Law and Peace
Effective Participation in Political and Peace Negotiations
The advent of any negotiation aimed at reaching formal political settlements or peace deals (eg, between government and opposition, or between armed belligerents) naturally encompasses expectations about who belongs in the negotiating room. But while the possibility of incorporating diverse voices into a negotiation is a highly desirable goal, the nature and number of actors that can do so must be balanced with the many intrinsic limitations of the process itself.
This new IFIT discussion paper offers original analysis on participation options inside as well as outside the negotiation room, and proposes practical criteria for ensuring that participation inside any negotiation is simultaneously effective and inclusive. The paper underscores that participation is best understood as a means rather than an end, requiring a strategy geared above all at making political settlements and peace accords more likely to materialise, not less.